Chapter 9 - 1-19-03 I) Chapter 9 Being a Successful...

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1.19.3 Chapter 9 – Being a Successful Researcher I) Ways to create hypotheses a. Inductive Techniques (specific to general) i. Types 1. Case Studies – carefully recorded observations of a specific person or group 2. Paradoxical Incidents – puzzling or non-sensical observations 3. Analyzing the Practitioner’s Rule of Thumb – analyze things experts do to achieve their desired outcomes 4. Serendipity – luck plays a role in discoveries b. Deductive Techniques i. Types 1. Reasoning by Analogy – reasoning that the unknown works and behaves similarly to a known thing and researching the comparisons 2. Applying a Functional or Adaptive Analysis – researcher asks themselves basic questions about what an organism has to do to reach its desired goal. Thinking about what the minimum requirements are to create something that does the same thing. 3. Hypothetico-deductive Method – start with some basic assumption and derive logical consequences from these basic principle 4. Account for Conflicting Results – research ideas born from trying to find the boundaries of two or more contradicting theories (qualification) 5. Accounting for Exceptions – trying to find the boundaries of one theory
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Chapter 9 - 1-19-03 I) Chapter 9 Being a Successful...

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