07 Attitude Change

07 Attitude Change - Study Question #7 Person B is strongly...

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Study Question #7 – Person B is strongly in favor of protecting our water sources from pollutants. Use information from the text and lecture to explain what would happen if Person B were to dispose of an old can of pesticide in a way that might contaminate the water table. Organize your answer around cognitive dissonance. If Person B were to dispose of pesticides in a way that would contaminate the water table her actions would be going directly against one of her attitudes (sets of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that a person has about another person, thing or event), and, more than that, it would go against one of her symbolic attitudes. Symbolic attitudes differ from instrumental attitudes (attitudes one has about things based solely on that things own merits, it’s rewards and costs) in that they tie in with one’s values (life goals that one has that surpasses specific situations). In this case Person B’s attitude in favor of protecting her water sources is a symbolic attitude because it probably ties in with her ideals of maintaining a clean environment and about caring for others that also live in the environment. Usually attitudes like this would help to form one’s intentions about what behaviors they would and would not perform. In forming these intentions, a person looks at the behaviors they could commit, their possible consequences and then evaluates these consequences based on the relevant attitudes held. [give example of how Person B’s attitudes might have shaped her intended behavior on polluting] There are also two other factors that help to influence intended behavior. One of these are the subjective norms one perceives, whether or not other people will approve or disapprove of a behavior. This is relevant only in-so-much as one wishes to conform to these people’s expectations [give example of Person B’s relevant other and their expectations and how this helps to form intended behavior]. Lastly, one’s perceived level of control, or how difficult or easy it is to perform a behavior, will influence one’s intended behavior. If a behavior seems too difficult then a person probably wouldn’t intend on doing it even if they evaluate it positively
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07 Attitude Change - Study Question #7 Person B is strongly...

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