Midterm 1 - SQ8

Midterm 1 - SQ8 - Study Question #8 Imagine that you have...

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Study Question #8 – Imagine that you have been asked to develop a program to reduce conflicts between ethnic groups on a small college campus between ethnic groups on a small college campus. Use what you learned in class and from the text to explain why ethnic conflicts occur and to make specific recommendations of what could be done during freshman orientation to combat it. I) Why ethnic conflicts occur : A) Conflict between ethnic groups on college campuses occurs mainly through discrimination , which are negative actions people commit against others just because they are members of a specific social group. The main reason why discrimination occurs in a school is because the students there harbor prejudices (negative attitudes about people based upon their membership to a specific social group) against ethnic groups other than their own. B) One of the main reasons prejudices are created is because of the way people socially categorize themselves and the people around them. This creates in all of us social identities , that part of our self-concept (define) that is tied up with the social groups we belong to. Since these social identities are tied into our self-concepts, these groups actions and the way we evaluate them affects our self-esteem (define). This vulnerability causes people to employ an in-group bias , the process of paying more attention to one’s social group’s good qualities while ignoring or rationalizing their bad qualities along with the belief that they should be more rewarded than out-groups, in order to help us defend our self-esteem. Conversely, by association this makes other groups not seem as good and less deserving of rewards for the same things. C) This more negative view of out-groups in comparison with one’s in-group is exaggerated by people’s natural tendency to vigilantly search out any negative aspects of the unknown (perceptual vigilance) and then to give that negative information more weight than any of that thing’s good qualities (negativity bias). D) Furthermore, oftentimes when people notice something bad about a member of another group then tend to attribute that
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 3080 taught by Professor Mccreary during the Fall '05 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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Midterm 1 - SQ8 - Study Question #8 Imagine that you have...

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