Midterm 1 - Study Question 8

Midterm 1 - Study Question 8 - Study Question #8 Imagine...

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Study Question #8 – Imagine that you have been asked to develop a program to reduce conflicts between ethnic groups on a small college campus between ethnic groups on a small college campus. Use what you learned in class and from the text to explain why ethnic conflicts occur and to make specific recommendations of what could be done during freshman orientation to combat it. Why ethnic conflicts occur: Conflict between ethnic groups on college campuses occurs mainly through discrimination, which are negative actions people commit against others just because they are members of a specific social group. The main reason why discrimination occurs in a school is because the students there harbor prejudices (negative attitudes about people based upon their membership to a specific social group) against ethnic groups other than their own. One of the main reasons prejudices are created is because of the way people socially categorize themselves and the people around them. We all have social identities, that part of our self-concept (all of the thoughts, feelings, and beliefs one has about oneself) that is tied to the social groups we are a part of. Since a part of our self-esteem (how one evaluates oneself, as being good, bad or mediocre) is tied up with our social identity so that when we positively evaluate our social group we are also heightening their self-esteem, people have a tendency to employ an in-group bias. This means that people tend to see more of the good in their group than the bad and tend to think that members of their group deserve better things and positions in the world than members of other groups. Since people are more prone to see the good things in their in-group, out-groups comparatively don’t look like such a good group. Also, since people tend to also employ a negativity bias, vigilantly perceiving any bad characteristics of things and then giving that things perceived bad characteristics more weight in their mind than the good characteristics that thing might possess, people also tend to recognize more of the bad things about out-groups. When people notice something bad about some member of an out-group they also tend to generalize that bad characteristic to the whole group. This is caused by the out-group homogeneity effect, the tendency for people to see members of an out-group as being all the same while seeing
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 3080 taught by Professor Mccreary during the Fall '05 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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Midterm 1 - Study Question 8 - Study Question #8 Imagine...

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