Chapter 7 - 4-2-03 I) Chapter 7 Social Stratification in...

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4.2.3 Chapter 7 – Social Stratification in Global Perspective I) Social Stratification – system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative power, property and prestige a. Social Stratification i. Is a characteristic of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences ii. Persists over generations iii. Is universal, but variable (it can be altered) iv. Creates not just inequality, but beliefs b. Way of ranking large groups, not individuals I) 3 Major Systems of Social Stratification c. Slavery – ownership of some people by others i. Chattel Slavery – one person owns another ii. Child Slavery – children abandoned by their families or boys and girls so poor that they take to the streets in an effort to survive iii. Debt Bondage – the practice of paying people to work, but charging them more then they earn for food and shelter iv. Servile Forms of Marriage – families marry off a woman against her will v. Causes of slavery : 1. Debt – those that couldn’t pay their debt were enslaved by their creditors 2. Crime – perpetrator would be enslaved to the victim of the crime as punishment and as paying a social debt to them 3. War and Conquest – those who were conquered were enslaved vi. Conditions of Slavery : 1. Can be temporary, but usually is life-long 2. Slaver is not necessarily inheritable – in some cases children of slaves were set free or even adapted into the family of the owners 3. Slaves were not necessarily poor and powerless – in rare instances slaves were allowed to own property, become powerful in the community and even own their own slaves vii. Slavery Led to Racism – owners of slaves would develop the “ideology” (belief that justifies social arrangements) that slaves were inferior d. Caste System – status is determined by birth and is life-long i. Closed Caste 1. No upward mobility possible, ascription-based system 2. Clear caste boundaries, caste awareness is very high 3. Endogamous social relations (must have social relationships within the caste ii. Status is always ascribed, never achieved iii. Endogamy – marriage within the group, prohibits intermarriage groups/social classes 1. Done in order to keep the boundaries between castes in place
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course SOC 1010 taught by Professor Wong during the Spring '03 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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Chapter 7 - 4-2-03 I) Chapter 7 Social Stratification in...

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