study guide1 - People Adams Jane – worked on social...

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Unformatted text preview: People : Adams, Jane – worked on social injustices affecting the poor, only sociologist to win Nobel Prize, combined sociology with reform (NAACP). Compte, Auguste – created positivism, applied the scientific method to the social world, thought sociology was the first step towards social reform. Bios, W.E.B. Du – black sociologist who was treated with racism and wrote books on it, started NAACP with Jane Adams. Durkheim, Emile – set sociology apart as its own academic department (used to be part of history/economics), achieved this as the U of Bordeux, studied social integration through scientific research. Martineau, Harriet – translated Compte work, wrote Society in America, but wasn’t recognized because she was a woman. Marx, Karl – believed in class conflict and that the only thing that would stop it would be a worker uprising. Mills, C. Wright – stood for reform, saw the elite as a threat to freedom. Parsons, Talcott – stood against reform, believed all social locations work harmoniously. Small, Albiam – started sociology in college at Chicago U, founder of the Journal of Sociology. Spencer, Herbert – didn’t believe in sociological reform, believed in social Darwinism. Weber, Max – believed religion was central force behind sociological change, believed protestant beliefs was the start of capitalism (protestant ethic). Symbolic Interactionism – Looks at how symbols play a role in behavior, how people use them to establish meaning, develop their views and communicate Applied to higher divorce rates: The connotation of marriage turned from sacred commitment to joint agreement in intimacy while the connotation of divorce turned from disgraceful to understandable and acceptable. Critical Evaluation of Symbolic Interactionism Concentrates on micro issues only, not linking micro issues with macro concerns Too psychological in its approach (you have to look at motives, drives, etc…) Structural-Functionalist Theory – society is made up of interrelated parts that function and make up a whole unit. One must look at: Structure – how the parts fit to make the whole of society Function – what each part does and how it contributes to the whole A society can not operate if we take away one of these institutions, Ex – if we take away education then there won’t be politics, or sciences, etc… Societies tend towards stability and consensus, So there is no need for reform, because if one institution dies society will find a way to replace it and go back to equilibrium Functions – parts of society that help to keep its equilibrium Dysfunctions – parts of society that hinder society in keeping its equilibrium Applied to higher divorce rates: In industrial society the family unit doesn’t have to depend on itself so much for each individual to survive. Both the husband and wife are financially secure...
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study guide1 - People Adams Jane – worked on social...

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