Functional Theory of Gender – focuses on the functions of gendered division of labor Talcott Parsons : Men, due to their biological attitudes, are more likely to perform “instrumental” tasks; Women are more likely to perform “expressive” tasks (like acts of compassion and nurturing) Conflict Theory : Subjugation of women to subordinate roles benefits men and capitalism; Capitalists benefit from a labor market that splits the interest of men and women workers, in favor of men Symbolic Interactionism : Sexism arises through culturally patterned interaction in everyday life, Studies demonstrate differences in ways boys and girls are treated by teachers and others Gerontology – aging in terms of 4 distinct processes: Chronological Aging – based on a person’s year of birth; Biological Aging – physical changes; Psychological Aging – changes to sensory and perceptual processes; Social Aging – rules and relationships Modernation Theory : The accelerating pace of technological change favors the young; Declining importance of tradition-based resources (ie – land); Their relatively low productivity Family or Orientation – family an individual grows up in; Family of Procreation – family individuals forms in couples when they have children; Marriage – a group’s approved mating arrangement Common Cultural Themes of Marriage and Family : Mate Selection – each societies have norms that govern who marries whom; Descent (system of descent) – the way people trace kinship over generations; Bilateral System – relation follows through both paternal and maternal sides of the family; Inheritance – used to compute rights of inheritance; Authority – all cultures follow “patriarchy” – where the men have authority over the women Growing Trend in U.S. Families : Postponing Marriage – people are getting married at older and older ages; Cohabitation – adults living together in a sexual relationship without marriage; Unmarried Mothers – increasing more in industrialized nations (except Japan); The Sandwich Generation – generation stuck taking care of both their kids and their parents Families are Changing : Increases in female-headed households, which are more likely then others to live in poverty; Gay households are more common and challenge traditional definitions of the family; Single people make up more of the population, partly because people marry at a later age What a Family Is: U.S. Census Bureau – a group of two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; Sociologist Richard Geles – a social group of institution made up of positions such as breadwinner, child care-giver, and so on; Contemporary Definition – two or more people who are committed to each other and who share intimacy, resources, decision-making responsibilities and values
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course SOC 1010 taught by Professor Wong during the Spring '03 term at CSU Stanislaus.