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Unformatted text preview: 1. 1776: DEC OF INDEPENDENCE SIGNED 1. Declaration of Independence approved and signed by Congress July 4th 2. Explained the colonists grievances and why they deserved freedom. 3 &#2; Colonists defeated Great Britain Oct. 19th, 1781 (Amer. Rev.) &#2; England recognized American independence at the Treaty of Paris &#2; America gained land (Miss., Great Lakes, Fla.) 2. 1763: END OF FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR 1. The end of the French and Indian War// Treaty of Paris signed. 2. Great Britain gained land from France. France was forced out of North America. Spain gave Florida to England, France gave Louisiana to Spain to compensate for the war loss. 3. &#2; King George needed money to pay off the war debt &#2; King George needed money to defend the colonists &#2; England began to tax the colonists. This "no taxation without representation" led to the colonists revolting and ultimately the American Revolution 3. 1789: WASHINGTON IS PRESIDENT 1. George Washington drafted as president 2. First president, he set precedents about how the country should be run left in his farewell address 3. &#2; Created a cabinet that included Jefferson and Hamilton, whose opposing views created the Democratic Republicans and the Federalists &#2; Washington approved a Bill of Rights to the Constitution &#2; In his farewell address, Washington warned against forming permanent alliances 4. 1800: REVOLUTION OF 1800 ELECTION 1. Adams (Federalist) lost to Jefferson (Democrats-Republicans) in the election of 1800 2. Federalists stepped down from power. It was the first peaceful transfer of power-"the Revolution of 1800" 3. &#2; Jefferson ties his running mate, Aaron Burr- the tie was broken by the House of Reps &#2; Adams was the last Federalist president. After him, the party dissolve dispersed. &#2; Jefferson tried to do away with the "midnight" judges. This led to Marbury vs. Madison, which gave the court the power of judicial review. 5. 1803: LOUISIANA PURCHASE 1. U.S. signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty with France for $15 million 2. Doubled the size of the United States 3. &#2; Established a precedent of acquisition of foreign territory through purchase &#2; Land explored and mapped by Lewis and Clark, and pike. &#2; Gave deep sense of loyalty to the West and to the federal government, a new spirit of nationalism. 6. 1814: HARTFORD CONVENTION/ LOSS OF WAR OF 1812 1. When loss in War of 1812 seemed likely, New England states met at the Hartford Convention....
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