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Absolutism and Aristocracy

Absolutism and Aristocracy - Europe Turks defeated at...

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Absolutism and Aristocracy Absolutism- Complete and unrestricted power in government Aristocracy- The elite and privileged hierarchy ruling the government Absolute Monarchy-Not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution 17 th century; bad weather conditions for farming and harvesting, wars, and famines Louis XIV (1643-1715) ruled France and became model for centralized, absolute monarchy. Gained authority through the army, a loyal church and government officials. He aimed to enhance France’s wealth and power by increasing manufactures and reducing dependence on imports. Soldiers take possession of the farms; people are cruel; undisciplined army; starvation
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Unformatted text preview: Europe Turks defeated at Vienna in 1683 Russia became westernized by Peter the Great Rationalism England- Constitutional monarchy France- Absolutist state Thomas Hobbs (1588-1679) was a political philosopher; believed without power we were in war (every man for himself). To get common power we must put all power in one man or an assembly of men that will create unity between the people (Commonwealth). Jacques Bossuet (1627-1704) was the Bishop of Meaux during Louis XIV reign and believed in royal authority. Royal authority is: Sacred (God), Paternal (No Truth), Absolute (Escape public power), Ruled by Reason....
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