IntroSoc-ch. 1 study guide

IntroSoc-ch. 1 study guide - 09-08-07 Introduction To...

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09-08-07 Introduction To Sociology Study Guide Ch. 1 What is Sociological Imagination? The relationship between individual experiences and forces in the larger society that shape our actions; term coined by C. Wright Mills who pointed out different levels on which social events can be perceived and interpreted; process of looking at all types of human behavior patterns and discerning previously unseen connections among them, noting similarities in the actions of individuals with no direct knowledge of one another, and finding subtle forces that mold people’s actions; see why and how events occur and discover patterns that govern our social existence; focuses on every aspect of society and every relationship among individuals Auguste Comte (1798-1857) born in Montpellier, France; met and worked for Henri Saint-Simon and converted from an ardent advocate of liberty and equality to a supporter of an elitist conception of society; looked at the intellectual frameworks and methods of the natural sciences; set out to develop a “science of man” that would reveal the underlying principles of society; broke with Saint-Simon in 1824; coined the term sociology in “Cours de Philosophie Positive; devoted much of his writing to the contributions he expected sociology would make in the future and focused on showing how it would improve society; 2 major areas that society should concentrate on: social statics -the study of how various institutions of society are interrelated, focusing on order, stability, and harmony; and social dynamics -the study of complete societies and how they develop and change over time; believed all societies move through fixed stages of development, eventually reaching perfection (an idea that is no longer accepted by sociologists) Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) published “Theory and Practice of Society in America” which analyzed the customs and lifestyle present in the 19 th century US (based on traveling US and observing day to day life in all its forms-prisons, mental hospitals, factories, family gatherings, court proceedings, etc.); map out what a sociological work dealt with by examining the impact of immigration, family issues, politics, religion, race, and gender; compared societies in Europe and US; believed scholars should not just offer observations, but use their research to bring about social reform for the benefit of society; translated Comte’s 6-volume “Positive Philosophy” to English, which introduced sociology to England and early
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IntroSoc-ch. 1 study guide - 09-08-07 Introduction To...

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