09-11-07 Introduction To Sociology Ch. 2 Summary-to produce a valid study of the social world, we cannot approach it solely on the basis of personal experience and perception; rather, we must to so scientifically-science has two main goals: 1.) to describe in detail particular things or events, and 2.) to propose and test theories that help us understand these things or events-like detectives, sociologists want to know “why did it happen?” and “under what circumstances is it likely to happen again?”-the scientific research process involves a sequence of steps that must be followed to produce a valid study-the research process begins by defining the problem-next the researchers attempts to find out as much as possible about previous studies on the same topic-the next step is to develop a hypothesis, or a testable statement about the relationship between two or more empirical variables-hypotheses are tested by constructing a research design, or a strategy for collecting appropriate data
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
representative, scientific research process, valid study, study -the research