IntroSoc-ch. 3 study guide

IntroSoc-ch. 3 study guide - have shown that although...

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10-10-07 Introduction ToSociology Study Guide Ch. 3 Ethnocentrism practice in which people often make judgments about other cultures according to the customs and values of their own; can lead to prejudice and discrimination; to avoid this in their own research, sociologists are guided by the concept of cultural relativism , the recognition that social groups and cultures must be studied and understood on their own terms before valid comparisons can be made Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis argues that the language a person uses determines his or her perception of reality Animal Language Research language has been cited as the major behavioral difference between humans and animals; some researchers believe that animals do not have language, while others believe they use it in unique ways; many studies
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Unformatted text preview: have shown that although animals cannot talk, they are able to understand human language and communicate with us in different ways Types of Subcultures the distinctive lifestyles, values, norms, and beliefs of certain segments of the population within a society; types include ethnic, occupational, religious, political, geographic, social class, and deviant US/Saudi Arabia US key values: freedom, individuality, and self-reliance; SA key values: faith, modesty, obedience, and tradition; few Americans believe that they are close to SA culture, and almost all say they are very close to US culture; SA had same results, but flipped...
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