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Unformatted text preview: 11-18-07 Introduction To Sociology Study Guide Ch. 8Functionalist TheorySocial stratification is a social necessity; every society must select individual members to fill a wide variety of social positions and then motivate those people to do what is expected of them in these positions; assumes that society is a relatively stable system of interdependent parts in which conflict and change are abnormalConflict Theory Sees stratification as the outcome of a struggle of dominance; Karl Marx and Max Weber developed studies on this theory; people act in their own self-interest in a material world in which exploitation and power struggles are prevalent; power is usually distributed illegitimately in societySocial Classes in the USUpper class-recognized by reputation and lifestyle, corporate ownership, upper-echelon politics, honorific positions in government and the arts, liberal arts education at elite schools; upper-middle class-many aspects of their lives dominated by careers, many two-income couples, professional and technical fields, managers, officials,...
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- Spring '08