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Unformatted text preview: 11-14-07 Introduction To Sociology Ch. 8 Summary-despite the American political ideal of the basic equality of all citizens and the lack of inherited ranks and titles, the US nonetheless has a class structure that is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty-class distinctions exist in the US based on race, education, family name, career choice, or wealth-social stratification has shown that social class affects many aspects of peoples lives-lower-class people get sick more often and have higher infant mortality rates, shorter life expectancies, and larger families-the poor are more likely to be arrested, charged with a crime, convicted, and sentenced to prison and are likely to get longer prison terms than middle- and upper-class criminals-the functionalist theory of stratification as presented by Davis and Moore holds that stratification is socially necessary-Davis and Moore argue that 1) different positions in society make different levels of contributions to the well-being and preservation of society, 2) filling the more complex and important positions in society...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY unknown taught by Professor Tischler during the Spring '08 term at Mass Colleges.
- Spring '08