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IntroSoc-ch. 8 summary - Introduction To Sociology Ch 8...

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11-14-07 Introduction To Sociology Ch. 8 Summary -despite the American political ideal of the basic equality of all citizens and the lack of inherited ranks and titles, the US nonetheless has a class structure that is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty -class distinctions exist in the US based on race, education, family name, career choice, or wealth -social stratification has shown that social class affects many aspects of people’s lives -lower-class people get sick more often and have higher infant mortality rates, shorter life expectancies, and larger families -the poor are more likely to be arrested, charged with a crime, convicted, and sentenced to prison and are likely to get longer prison terms than middle- and upper-class criminals -the functionalist theory of stratification as presented by Davis and Moore holds that stratification is socially necessary -Davis and Moore argue that 1) different positions in society make different levels of contributions to the
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