11-14-07 Introduction To Sociology Ch. 8 Summary-despite the American political ideal of the basic equality of all citizens and the lack of inherited ranks and titles, the US nonetheless has a class structure that is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty-class distinctions exist in the US based on race, education, family name, career choice, or wealth-social stratification has shown that social class affects many aspects of people’s lives-lower-class people get sick more often and have higher infant mortality rates, shorter life expectancies, and larger families-the poor are more likely to be arrested, charged with a crime, convicted, and sentenced to prison and are likely to get longer prison terms than middle- and upper-class criminals-the functionalist theory of stratification as presented by Davis and Moore holds that stratification is socially necessary-Davis and Moore argue that 1) different positions in society make different levels of contributions to the
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.
Shorter life expectancies, wealth -social stratification