1 Tentative Classification of Environmental Frames Conservationism Proponents of a Conservationist frame argue that a certain measure of suppression of the natural is necessary for human progress. Environmental degradation occurs only when humans – through ignorance or improvidence – exceed this measure and disrupt the balance of nature. Professional natural resource managers can ensure continued economic progress by developing policies to rationally and efficiently conserve the nation’s resources. Conservationists justify such policies primarily in utilitarian terms, arguing that the goal of environmental policy should be to produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Conservationists combined these practical arguments with an appeal to the Christian concept of stewardship. Preservationism The Preservationist environmental frame is rooted in Romanticism’s rejection of the Enlightenment’s idolization of rationality and progress and its attendant urge to subdue
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