Abnormal Psychology-Complete Notes

Abnormal Psychology-Complete Notes - Abnormal Psychology 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Abnormal Psychology 1 The Study of Crazy People Introduction How do you define abnormality? Deviance – Nonconformity to norms Distress – Subjective distress Dysfunction – Disabilities, social difficulties, occupational difficulties Disadvantages: Who defines it, the patient or others? Who defines what an adequate level of functioning? Danger In ancient times abnormalities were thought to be a result of evil spirits. Trephination was when they would drill a hole in one’s head to allow evil spirits to exit. In Greek times philosophers already suggested that mental disorders have medical causes. Hippocrates suggested that if the four humors were out of whack it would result in disorder. They cured it by massage, bath, relaxation and exercise, much like today. Artemidorus authored The Interpretation of Dreams suggesting that dream interpretation could be a science if done correctly. In his method extensive interviews were conducted with dreamers, discussing his past and present 1 These notes represent only what Dr. Schnall taught in the Spring 07’ semester. Actual information and topics covered may vary by semester.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
life. In Tanakh we see in Samuel we see Saul was mentally distressed and David would play the harp to relieve him. In the Dark Ages in Europe psychology took a step backwards with exorcisms and beatings. In Makot it says three things relieve one’s mind, [relaxing] sounds, sights and smells. The renaissance saw improvements with the medical model of mental disorders. Significantly, asylums were started with intent to treat the mentally ill. In reality they became prisons, if not zoos. Benjamin Rush is considered the father of American psychology and promoted the humane treatment of the mentally ill. There is the temptation to think that most mistreatment is in the past. But in 1999 the rite of exorcism was redone by the Roman Catholic Church and hired full time exorcist. And in the Jerusalem Post it was reported that the Haredi community’s R’ David Basri exorcized a Dybbuk . Yoram Bilu, a professor who studies mystical practices, noted that even R’ Abraham Isaac Kook had performed such a ceremony. An AP story reported that a Church elder was imprisoned for exorcizing and abusing an autistic child. Research Methods A Case Study is an in depth study of an individual. While that which you learn may not be universally applicable, you can imply certain general principles. A case study can be a forum to begin a theory. It can also explore in depth specific phenomena that would not be able to be studies on a large scale. Examples of famous case studies are Phineus Gage or the 10 year old boy who shot himself in the head, curing his OCD. Artemidorus , the dream interpreter used the case study model, in his travels across Europe.
Background image of page 2
Sigmund Freud had worked with Joseph Broyer had a case study of Anne O , a physically and mentally disturbed woman who he put under hypnosis allowing her to vent her past disturbances relieving her symptoms while conscious. Freud based much of his
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 26

Abnormal Psychology-Complete Notes - Abnormal Psychology 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online