Psychology notes 4

Psychology notes 4 - Psychological Disorders 11/12/2007...

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Psychological Disorders 12/11/2007 12:56:00 Lecture outline: Prevalence of psychopathology, defining, diagnosing abnormal, anxiety disorders How common are psychological disorders? Over course of a lifetime, 33% to 50% of Americans will suffer from a psychological disorder In one year period, 28% suffer psychological distress o 19% suffer serious disorder Mental health status is in flux (changing) What is abnormal? Three criteria: o Deviation from cultural norms – culture bound Ex: excessive hand washing o Behavior that is maladaptive Ex: handing washing interferes with other activities o Personal distress Ex: person reports suffering as result of hand washing Disorder is often diagnosed if one criterion present Psychological Diagnosis DSM-IV – Diagnostic and Statistical manual of mental disorders o Comprehensive list and diagnostic criteria for over 200 mental disorders o Used by:
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Psychologists (Ph.D.s) Psychiatrists (MDs – Medical Doctor) Other mental health professionals Anxiety disorders We all experience anxiety o Nervous jittery feeling of apprehension o Pounding heart, trembling hands, quivering voice o Upset stomach, diarrhea Normal response to threatening situations Abnormal when intense, persistent, and disabling Have one, have another – tend to go together Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Persistent, “free floating” anxiety Constant worry over something o $, Work, family, illness o Affects ~5% of people over lifetime Panic disorder Sudden, intense, recurrent attacks of anxiety that occur without apparent reason o Symptoms: chest pain, heart palpitations, hyperventilation, fainting o Thought pattern: going crazy, losing control, dying o Fear of panic attack may lead to agoraphobia (fear of public places) Phobic Disorder Intense, irrational fear of specific object or situation Cope by avoidance Affect 1 in 8 Americans Simple phobia vs. social phobia o Common simple phobia – intense, irrational fear of special object or situation
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Phobia Feare d object or situati on Acrophob ia Heigh ts Arachnop hobia Spider s Brontoph obia Thund er storm s Claustrop hobia Confi ned spaces Hematop hobia Blood Nyctopho bia Darkn ess Ophidiop hobia Snake s
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Triskaide kaphobia The numb er 13 Social phobia – fear of speaking in public etc Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) Persistent intrusion of unwanted thoughts (obsessions)… …And need to perform senseless rituals (compulsions) Disorder affects about 2.5% of Americans Usually begins in late adolescence, early adulthood Often aware of their habits are crazy but can’t stop What OCD suffers obsess about % Dirt, germs, contamination 55 Aggressive impulses 50 Need for symmetry 37 Bodily concerns 35 Forbidden sexual impulses 32 Rituals often performed % Checking 79 Washing 58 Counting 21
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Psychological Disorders 12/11/2007 12:56:00
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Psychology notes 4 - Psychological Disorders 11/12/2007...

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