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Week 3 PP Ideology - GFVM 1037.pdf - GFVM 1037 (section 3)...

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GFVM 1037 (section 3)Ideologies, Worldviews, and Modern HistoryFall 2021Week 3Dr. Brandon Love (Lecturer)
Week 3Introduction to Ideology
The Concept of IdeologyIdeology is difficult (if not impossible) to define.The concept of ideology has is the result of many differenttheories, as there are different notions of ideology.Ideology refers to a “system” of ideas.These ideas must have some political relevance, or at leastsome relevance to the status quo.Often, these ideas are taken for granted by a group ofpeople.
Eagleton’s List(a) the process of production of meanings, signs and values in social life;(b) a body of ideas characteristic of a particular social group or class;(c) ideas which help to legitimate a dominant political power;(d) false ideas which help to legitimate a dominant political power;(e) systematically distorted communication;(f) that which offers a position for a subject;(g) forms of thought motivated by social interests;(h) identity thinking;(i) socially necessary illusion;(j) the conjuncture of discourse and power;(k) the medium in which conscious social actors make sense of their world;(l) action-oriented sets of beliefs;(m) the confusion of linguistic and phenomenal reality;(n) semiotic closure;(o) the indispensable medium in which individuals live out their relations to asocial structure;(p) the process whereby social life is converted to a natural reality.
Ideology and ScienceWhat is the difference between Ideology and Science?Both contain facts about the world.Both involve interpretations of the world.Is Science true, whereas Ideology is false?
History of IdeologyFrancis Bacon (1561–1626)Antoine Destutt, comte de Tracy (1754–1836)Karl Marx (1818–1883)Friedrich Engels (1820 – 1895)Antonio Gramsci (1891–1937)György Lukács (1885–1971)Louis Althusser (1918–1990)Jürgen Habermas (1929–)
Francis Bacon (1561–1626)Could be called the Father of Modern PhilosophyCould be called the Father of Modern ScienceChampioned the theory/method of Induction.Induction: going from particulars to the general, with thegeneral always being based on the particulars.Championed overcoming delusion/illusion.
BaconHuman knowledge had been seen as a miniature version ofdivine knowledge.For Bacon, there are the Idols of the human mind.These are not to be confused with the Ideas of the divinemind.Idols of human mind: empty dogmasIdeas of divine mind: “the true signatures and marks setupon the works of creation as they are found in nature”
Bacon’s 4 IdolsIdols of the Tribe: false concepts we have due to the flawednature of human understandingIdols of the Cave: concepts which are clear to us, but thatexist without any evidenceIdols of the Market Place: false concepts based on thenature of communication (words and names)Idols of the Theatre: fictional worlds that we take to betrue, based on previous philosophical systems.

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