west hum 101 #2

west hum 101 #2 - The Agean Water acts a natural boundary...

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The Agean Water acts a natural boundary and gives lots of time to prepare The sea was used fro trading b/c everything went by them Fished for food Mountains limited transfer of culture between Greek states Cycladic 2500-2000 BC Female goddess figures- ranged in sizes Found in Cycladic Islands inside tombs Made of marble, islands made of marble Not intended to stand up b/c of pointed feet Abstract structure, painted Think that they are serdad statues but only women and no men Some think they are guides to the underworld placed face down toward the underworld Get the argument from epic poems Women dealt with dead bodies Some male figures playing music All of the figures are of humans Minoan 2000-1450 BC Built cities inland about 4 miles Highly developed culture and a lot of peace Thought that it was a feminine culture Palace has no wall b/c sea is the wall Linear A and B the 2 writing types Linear b was deciphered but not A Arthur Evans first to excavate Crete found a palace, there till 1941 started in 1900 Called palace of minos Minos’s wife - Bull = Minotaur Put in middle of a giant maze Palace was 3 stories high with Minoan columns – large in bottom small in top Snake goddess (snake – rebirth and regeneration) leopard on head might mean trade w/ Africa open chest to show fertility Harvester Vase – men w/ tools and grain in background, singing with a music instruments, shows ribs of guy Theories of disappearing Volcano eruption at santerini seems like most people got off the island w/ the volcano, explosion caused waves and a lot of ash to change weather happened about 1650 More likely that war might have taken them over, Mycenaean Mycenaean 1600-1200 BC Only 10% of Greece is flat so had to plant on hills Sparta by farm land and it had to be defended Heinrich Schliemann found Troy also found Mycenaean sites of living Married 16 year old girl for “translating” Found bee-hive tombs b/c look like them built inside mountains Found mummys inside, pickled bodies in honey, filled with gold
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Had gold mask put over face, shows contact with Egypt Cities were citadels with very think walls Palace was made for defense in every way Warrior vase – shows leather armor b/c bronze was very expensive also wore things to protect shins, warriors had to be self supporting, mercenary/pirate Hoplight – foot soldier, lined up is phalanx line of shields Period of Invasions/Migrations around 1200 BC Dorians from the north very strong people After taken over population reduced by almost 90% Dark Ages of Greece 1200-800 BC Population reduced Lost writing No art or architecture developing Dorians bring in Iron which is stronger than bronze
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Greece – Hellenic Dark Ages No writing all stories told orally Facts and myths mixed in the stories Homer lived about 750 BC from Asia minor Some think he was a blind poet His stories are the basis of Greek society Only a few books to study from supposed to memorize the books Had to hire teachers for studies Homer basis for Greek law there were no laws and had to use homer as evidence
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west hum 101 #2 - The Agean Water acts a natural boundary...

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