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Unformatted text preview: owed the president to become powerful much faster than anybody else... nobody else can call a press conference and everybody would cover it. Also, presidents act more quickly, and only the president can respond to a threat immediately. 3) World superpower, president more powerful. 4) Nation nationalized, power away from state. Presidency still quite limited (on paper and in reality). Everything is still up to congress regarding spending. Whether people are confirmed up to senate, treaties ratified, what laws are. Presidents can go to public, veto, propose, etc., but it's ultimately up to congress. Judicial Review Mar. 11: judicial review from Marbury vs. Madison Court is clearly weakest branch. Don't get on court unless both branches want you there. Congress could theoretically write law saying that things are no longer under the Supreme Court, and almost has done so in case of certain tax and legal courts. These are still under the Supreme Court but congress does have power to limit it. FDR was pissed at court because it was striking down many of his new deal programs, so he started discussing adding new justices. Plan didn't go anywhere but it was serious enough that a lot of decisions started changing. Court is very lenient dealing w/ congress. When it does hear these cases it agrees with it usually, as opposed to how it reacts to state, where it does often strike down. This is probably because congress holds so much power over the court. Frequently when something is overturned, the legislature rewrites legislation so that the problems for overturning no longer exist. 1989 a federal judge was impeached and removed. Lots of judges have been investigated, 13 have been impeached and 7 convicted and removed. Congress can in effect overturn judicial review by proposing an amendment. If amendment contradicts another part of the constitution that is not addressed by the amendment, then it is court's job to reconcile the two; they can't just nullify amendment. It does happen that parts of constitution can be in apparent contradiction. Courts can't act but need to wait `til something is brought to them; other branches initiate as they like. Often they don't get the case they want to challenge. Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com POL1040ZilNotes1.pdf Page 7 of 10 POL 1040H American Politics Professor Zilber Spring 2003 Notes Entire Semester No army, no way to enforce or ensure things are being interpreted as they intended. Doesn't have much ability to publicize its decisions. No press secretaries and what not. There is very little staff for this. Even if they did have this they wouldn't consider it very courtly. Often release several decisions on the same day so that press can't make much of an issue of it. Rehnquist categorically refused cameras or television in the courtroom. Much deliberate, but also because they don't have a lot of staff and just can't handle. Court never considered itself responsible to publicize itself. Which cases appear before SC? Just a tiny fracti...
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- Spring '03
- American Politics