Notes Entire Semester1-2

Notes Entire Semester1-2 - POL 1040H American Politics...

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POL 1040H – American Politics Spring 2003 Professor Zilber Notes – Entire Semester Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Page 1 of 10 POL1040ZilNotes1.pdf Articles of Confederation Jan 23 – Declaration of Independence 1777 – Articles of Confederation ratified. Weak central govt.; power to state. No power to force states to comply. No central bank or interstate roads – no commerce. Seen as failure. Created during war, so primary purpose as a centralized govt. was as a means of communication during war. Shay’s Rebellion – rallied forces that were angry about economic conditions but particularly banks and financial centers charging high interest rates (which was due to the unstable govt.). Initially stormed courthouse to stop foreclosures on farms. This was a signal that they need to ? because they couldn’t even put down a small rebellion. Constitution institutes federalism. Until 1913, when 17 th amendment was ratified, senate was elected by state legislature, not directly by people. Jan 28 – Federalists 10 and 51 are most famous. #10 discusses factions, preventing (protecting rights of minorities) potential of tyranny. To ensure no factions you could either outlaw factions or convince everyone to think the same. Former contrary to liberty, latter impractical. Some arguments a little convoluted, so it seems Madison, jay, and Hamilton were stretching to fit their agenda (propaganda essays) Charles Beard, 1913 – Economic Interpretation of The Constitution argued framers were self interested – no protection for poor or even bill of rights in constitution. Everything was done by elites, all secret: Constitutional Convention Constitution Two ways to propose constitutional amendment 1. Two-thirds vote in each of both houses in congress to propose it. 2. Two-thirds of states request of congress a convention for the purpose of proposing an amendment (never happened). Probably never will happen… constitution doesn’t even specify anything about what would happen should this occur. Congress would be very fearful about such a thing happening, because the last time the states made a convention to amend the constitution, they threw it out and wrote a new one. So congress would probably propose first just to prevent this from happening. President has no role at all, not even veto power, in the amendment process. Congress doesn’t absolutely have to be involved either, if the second method of proposition is implemented. Amendments specify how they will be ratified – usually ¾ of states w/in 7 years. Equal rights amendment was failure. Several amendments have expanded the electorate.
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POL 1040H – American Politics Spring 2003 Professor Zilber Notes – Entire Semester Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Page 2 of 10 POL1040ZilNotes1.pdf 3 different kinds of amendments 1. Limiting power of govt., such as bill of rights.
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