Notes Entire Semester1-2

Some know more about certain technical issues than

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Unformatted text preview: hers. Court always thinks of legitimacy, so justices chosen based on that. Roe vs. Wade chose Blackman who was very junior, in a real question of legitimacy, he was also put there by anti abortion Nixon w/ some background in the field. Why write dissenting opinions? Some of it is ego; dude wants to be heard. If in minority a long time, just wants to write something. Sometimes they are sending out a message that they want it to be heard later and they will vote to have it heard and voted the other way. Bureaucracy Mar 27: Bureaucracy refers to executive branch. Legislative also has hierarchy and some bureaucracy but it pales in comparison to the millions employed by the executive branch. Some consider the military a bureaucracy as well, or you could say the civilian bureaucracy plus the military make up the executive branch. FBI, postal workers, people working for the DWP testing the water, etc. all are bureaucrats. Argument: private more efficient than public sector because civil service workers are protected by laws; they pass a test and can't get fired easily. No incentive for the govt. to be making money. Senate and not house approves appointments to executive positions. Apr 1: this is the part that actually does the enforcing of the laws. If the bureaucracy acts opposite of the way it's told to, congress is impotent to do anything. President appoints very little of bureaucracy and aren't really under the president, and see things very differently than he does. Most of the jobs that are appointed by president go with the president when new president is elected, although exceptions like Greenspan. Terms sometimes overlap but sometimes not. Often mid level positions are appointed blind to party designation because they are good at their jobs. Often people appointed by president "go native," which means that they start sympathizing more with their underlings than w/ the president's agenda: example, president wants to cut education budget and dept. head tells president that they need more money. President can't just fire everybody who goes native, b/c that'll look bad. Bureaucracy given leeway w/ the law, b/c Congresspersons know they can't anticipate all uncertainties and other eventualities for all time. Also, they don't necessarily care, they just want to look they're doing something for show to get reelected. And people in bureaucracy are working in the field and are usually more expert than a congressperson who has one guy hired to tell him about something. So congress wants to give leeway. Other times they want absolute control, being very specific, and they don't want to give wiggle room for bureaucracy to interpret it their own way. You can tell the difference often just by feeling the weight of the bill, often the difference is the nature of the bill at stake. Interest Groups Downloaded from: POL1040ZilNotes1.pdf Page 9 of 10 POL 1040H American Politics Professor Zilber Spring 2003 Notes Entire Semester Heavily involved in legislature... often the experts are asked to testify before co...
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