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Unformatted text preview: ments with South Vietnam. Executive orders more of them. Mostly domestic policy. Order from president to executive branch ordering something be done, such as changing enforcement of a law, or the president wanted to take more active stance, such as Truman desegregating the army. Most of these orders are relatively trivial. Don't hear about almost any of them. Bush ordered to stop giving grants to orgs that support abortion counseling or education, where he had leeway, to international orgs. Also EPA cyanide thing. Blah blah blah blah blah integrate blah blah blah congress blah blah blah presidency blah blah blah specific on Tuesday blah blah hate changing exam dates, blah blah. Presidents have been more apt to use troops domestically, take control of the National Guard (confusing hierarchy). Congress occasionally grants power to president, such as budget proposals... congress starts w/ it. Line item veto given by congress, although this was declared unconstitutional. Line item veto was good for congress because it let them keep spending down. Also, frivolous items could have been passed through log rolling and get line vetoed by the president, President FD Roosevelt used more vetoes than any other, and, when he used it a lot, later presidents said they should too; influence expansion. Significant it's b/c very hard to override veto (2/3 house AND 2/3 senate); almost never happens. Means president is relevant, when he says he will veto, congress pays attention. Not much gets vetoed recently because congress talks, but tone set by earlier presidents like FDR who vetoed constantly. Earlier presidents only used veto if it was disastrous. After FDR precedence set that things president just doesn't like will get vetoed, so power to president. Pocket veto president doesn't sign a bill, 10 days if nothing happens becomes law, but if congress adjourns then bill dies. Form of veto that makes him not have to publicly veto. One of greatest increased informal strength; president comes to Washington with more outlined agenda, with campaign platforms and promises. Before FDR you didn't have these promises of action in domestic politics. Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com POL1040ZilNotes1.pdf Page 6 of 10 POL 1040H American Politics Professor Zilber Spring 2003 Notes Entire Semester Less power in Bureaucracy: authority to appoint heads of depts and agencies, roughly 34000 appointments. Compared to total bureaucracy it's not much, but tiny fraction. 99.9% he has no decision over. Means a lot of people working for president want his policies undermined, as opposed to earlier presidents who appointed everyone in bureaucracy. 1) People credit much expansion to FDR, who changed the way we thought of the presidency. Teddy R and Lincoln are also on the list, but not quite the same way. Presidents with vision who have circumstances that allow them to put them into effect, future presidents will be expected to take these roles. 2) Technology, media and military, have all...
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- Spring '03
- American Politics