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Resnick F05 AFP Notes- Zev-1

Resnick F05 AFP Notes- Zev-1 - Deciding between two...

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Deciding between two theories o Excess empirical content- which explains more Incommensurability problem- if they explain different things o Persimmons- Occam’s Razor o Conditionality- Certain theories only apply under certain condition. Systemic theory- that external pressure defines US Policy. o Morgenthau Struggle for resources. Peace only through the balance of power. (People are evil). o Waltz- Structural/Neo- Realism- International Politics is a tragic arena in which war is an endemic possibility All states foremost goals are security and power The most important players are nation states. Peace exist In domestic politics we have hierarchy; in international politics we have anarchy. Government- the entity that has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Whether people are evil is not relevant. Security dilemma All states must protect themselves on their own. Smaller states will get together in coalitions so that they can prevent the ascendancy of an opposing coalition. Balance of power recurrently forms. No trust between countries, nothing to stop another country for reneging. Anarchy States Self-Help behavior Security Balance of Power At a minimum all states want security o Hegemonic Stability Theory- Open int’l econ order vs. closed int’l econ order- high levels of trade vs. low levels of trade. Open system is an interdependent system. If the international economic arena is dominated by one power you will get an open system. As the power of the hegemon declines, the system will become more closed. The hegemon becomes a sort of police and states will be willing to open up their borders.
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The hegemon has a massive internal market. 1840s-1914 British- (30-40% of global industrial productivity) 1945-Present- US (48% of Global Industrial Production) United States wanted Europe to build up themselves into a 3 rd power. Europe wanted America to protect them. Europe would rather be subservient to America than to the USSR. Marx- o Class Struggle- Haves vs. Have nots. o Lenin’s Theory of Imperialism The domestic economic system of a country determines it’s foreign policy behavior. Socialist countries- Peaceful. Capitalist countries- Warlike. Capitalists always want to maximize profits, so they will try to get new markets to use. Mal-distribution of resources- surplus of goods o Need new markets to sell things too. Imperialism- the extension of the influence of one country over another. Capitalism => Imperialism => War The problem- imperialism long preceded capitalism Germany, Russia, Japan, Italy- Imperialist countries that were avowedly non-capitalist. o Merchants of Death Theory Arms salesmen promote war.
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