Cheat Sheet - Ch. 1 Thesis =a main idea. Polisci is a soft...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 1 Thesis =a main idea. Polisci is a soft science no fixed answers (called a science because we try to be scientific). Polisci studies power how to get it, how to use it, etc. Aristotle called polisci the master science everything has a political context . What is power? 1. The ability to get someone to do something 2. Its the process of deciding who gets what, when & how 3.not finite or measurable 4. Not the same as politics 5. Politics can be a struggle for power. What is polisci? 1. Qualitative vs. quantitative (quality & #s) 2. Empirical patterns observable behavior 3. Theories (explain things sometimes ) 4. Laws ? (explain things all the time ). The practice of polisci : 1. Political behavior how people act politically (vote, boycott, run for senate) 2. Political structures & functions ex. what role does race play in Sudan (must be objective) 3. Political phenomena events that affect the ability to allocate resources 4. Political ideas political philosophy what is freedom 5. Political documents studying anything written down 6. Political futures generally relies on statistical modeling. Legitimacy : the belief by a population that those who are in charge should be in charge. Authority : the ability of a leader to get people to obey. Sovereignty : the belief/recognition by one country that the government of another country should be in charge of themselves. Ch. 2 Modern Western Political Theory (Plato) wrote The Republic guardians (philosopher): the brains, auxiliary : the muscle, common class : provide the resources. Platos student Aristotle 1 st real political scientist used empirical data, not just looking for the ought, but for the is. Renaissance (introduces religion) searching for ideal society & to be close to God. 16 th century Machiavelli: wrote Prince focus on power (how to get/use power), It is better to be feared than loved. 1600-1700 social contract Thomas Hobbes : we lived in the state of nature, survival struggle, we can do better created a state (we created government to keep us alive). John Locke : agreed with Hobbes, but not as...
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Cheat Sheet - Ch. 1 Thesis =a main idea. Polisci is a soft...

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