Cheat Sheet#2 - Ideology a belief system that society can be improved by following certain doctrines Roskin A verbal image of the good society and

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Ideology : a belief system that society can be improved by following certain doctrines – Roskin. A verbal image of the good society and the chief means of constructing society – Dains. (Whatever you vision of perfect society/utopian vision that is your ideology). Major Ideologies: Classical Liberalism – Adam Smith → wrote “The Wealth of Nations” (1776). Critique of predominate ideology – mercantilism (country is only as good as how much gold it has). Monarchies went broke getting rich. Basic argument : government got involved in the economy, this shouldn’t happen…when that happens it screws up, government is good at government only. Government should: print money, make laws, enforce laws, and stay out of the way. Classical Conservatism – Edmund Burke → agrees with Smith but Smith is too trusting. Basic argument : people get too crazy and emotional sometimes. Monarchy & churches should be conserved because they are good, government/institutions keep people in line. Small slow change is better, take things slowly. Modern Liberalism (1880) – Thomas Hill Green → Smith is basically correct but missed something: never a time for government to get involved. System itself deprives us of our liberty, government should get involved. Example : company not paying enough – government should intervene (not interference but maintenance). Modern Conservatism – Milton Friedman → thought Smith has it right all along, but small, slow changes should be made. Ideology = government shouldn’t interfere. Marxist Socialism – Karl Marx → “The communist Manifesto” & “Daust Capital”. Opposed to the idea of capitalism – no surplus. Argument : bourgeoisie and proletariat, violent revolution, overthrow system → everyone is Social Democracy (1901) – Eduard Bernstein → was a Marxist & liked Marx’s idea, but didn’t like how to get there. We don’t need a revolution to get there; we can use capitalism (our spending and taxes). Tax the rich people, spend $ on poor people (train/teach). Drag rich down & lift poor up. Example: Sweden. Do good for . Pragmatic: using whatever works without theory or ideology. Ideologue: someone who believes passionately in an ideology. Revisionist: changing an ideology or view of history. Imperialism: amassing of colonial empires, mostly by European powers; pejorative in Marxist terms. Maoism: extreme form of communism, featuring guerrilla warfare & periodic upheavals. Titoism: mild, decentralized form of communism. Neoconservatism: US ideology of former liberals turning to conservative causes & methods. Political culture : “The psychology of a nation in regards to politics” – Roskin. Each society has a set of values that it gives to the people & the people have a set of ideals about how the political system is supposed to work & what government should do for them. Origins of Political culture:
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POLI SCI 101 taught by Professor Mercurrio during the Spring '08 term at San Diego State.

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Cheat Sheet#2 - Ideology a belief system that society can be improved by following certain doctrines Roskin A verbal image of the good society and

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