SOC103H1 Exam Glossary - SOC103 Glossary Chapter 1...

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SOC103 Glossary Chapter 1: Introducing Sociology Industrial Revolution - Forced individuals into harsh urban conditions and exploitive economic relationships French Revolution – Showed individuals that new socio-political arrangements were possible and should be developed Multiple Paradigm Approach - Allows for a variety in sociological research and theory Fusion Approach - Provides an agreed-upon body of sociological knowledge Sociology – The systematic study of social behaviour, or the study of society Society – The largest-scale human group whose members share interaction, common geography, and common institutions Moral Philosophy – Philosophical approach defined by ideas such as blame, guilt, sin, and wrong-doing Common-Sense Knowledge – The uninspected package of beliefs, understandings, and propositions people assume to be true Macrosociology – The study of social institutions and large social groups Microsociology – The study of the processes and patterns of personal interaction that occur among people within groups Structural Functional Theory – Views society as a set of interconnected parts that work together to preserve the overall stability and efficiency of the whole Social Institutions – One kind of social structure, made up of a number of relationships which are used to achieve intended goals Sociological Imagination – An approach to sociology that situates the personal experiences of individuals within the societal context in which these experiences occur Manifest Functions – Functions of social institutions that are intended and easily recognized Latent Functions – Functions of social institutions that are unintended and often hidden Role – The expected pattern of interaction with others Anomie/Normlessness - The condition of social institution failure in times of rapid social change (Durkheim) Critical Theory – Views society as a collection of varied groups – especially, social classes – that constantly struggle with each other to dominate society and its institutions Bourgeoisie – Elite owners of the means of production Proletariat – People who sell their labour in exchange for sustenance Symbolic Interactionism – Focuses on the glue that holds people together in social relationships: the shared meanings, definitions, and interpretations of interacting individuals Labeling Theory – Proposes that any given social problem is viewed as such because an influential group defines it so Intersectionality – The interaction of gender with other victimizing social characteristics to produce particular combinations of disadvantage Modernist Theory – Proposes that through science we can discover truth about reality and there is only one truth per situation Postmodernist Theory - Denies all assumptions and conclusions posited by modernist and Enlightenment rhetoric
SOC103 Glossary Egoistic Suicide – Suicide that occurs when people leave the social group they belong to, or when the groups’ bonds are

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