AIDS Mid-term Study Guide

AIDS Mid-term Study Guide - AIDS Mid-term Study Guide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
AIDS Mid-term Study Guide Introduction -AIDS: syndrome, not a disease (die from opportunistic infection) -Naming the disease: *4-H Disease *Gay Pneumonia *GRID- Gay related immune deficiency *Gay Compromise Syndrome *A.I.D.S. --> AIDS -Defining the Diagnosis: *1982: cellular immune dysfunction with common exposure “infectious” *1993: T-cells below 200 -History: *1980: “something odd” noticed in hospitals *1982: first definition *1983 isolated the AIDS virus *1991-92: peak of people dying (mostly 5-H’s) *1993: re-defined AIDS and HIV for maximum benefits (cases increased) *1996-97: Anti-viral meds on the market *2000: feared another wave b/c no longer only high risk groups *2001: 30% new infection heterosexual women (NE and SE; Af.Am. and Latinas) -4 “H’s”: Homosexuals, hemopheliacs, Hatians, heroin addicts (and hookers=5-H’s) *neglected blood transfusions since 1975 and babies infected in utero -Randy Shilts—journalist who wrote “And the Band Played On” -Joel Weisman, Micheal Gotlieb—Dr’s that noticed strange things in gay patients in LA -Opportunistic Infections: “bugs” normally kept in check (occur with weakened immune system) *CMV: in herpes family; wide spectrum of disease, spread thru saliva, sex, urine… *PCP: (common fungus) in lungs, fever, dry cough; damages lungs, no treatment *Epstein-Bar: mono *KS: cancer; swelling of face and mouth; pain, spreads to lungs, liver, spleen, feet *Candidiasis: (thrush) yeast infection of the mouth *Brain lesions: CNS toxoplasmosis (caused by undercooked meat or infected cat feces) *Hepatitis B: with case study of patient 0, transmission of HIV looked like that of Hep-B -HIV Infection: T-4 cells decrease, T-8 cells increase -History of Global Epidemics (role of fear ignorance) -Target groups (most likely to be infected): youth, minority women, drug users -AIDS quilt: education; to spread awareness -National AIDS day: December 1 st -National HIV testing day: June 27 th -New HIV infections in U.S.: 40,000 people each year -By age 30, 8-13% of MSM ages 17-24 have HIV in major urban cities -World Health Organization: prevent, support, and link people to info and treatment -Montagnier vs. Gallo: *Montagnier: French scientist, thought LAV virus *Gallo: studied feline leukemia (HTLV) isolated “HTLV III virus” *HTLV-III and LAV later became known as HIV virus -Duesberg: doesn’t believe HIV causes AIDS -Evidence that HIV causes AIDS: -Koch’s postulates: how we find cause and effect (pass all four, proves causation)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. The microorganism must be found in abundance in all organisms suffering from the disease, but not in healthy organisms. 2. The microorganism must be isolated from a diseased organism and grown in pure culture . 3. The cultured microorganism should cause disease when introduced into a healthy
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

AIDS Mid-term Study Guide - AIDS Mid-term Study Guide...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online