Protection, Rights, and Citizenship - Rajesh - Citation: 16...

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+2(,11/,1(Citation: 16 New Eng. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 111 2010Content downloaded/printed fromHeinOnline ()Sun Apr 19 20:09:59 2015-- Your use of this HeinOnline PDF indicates your acceptanceof HeinOnline's Terms and Conditions of the licenseagreement available at -- The search text of this PDF is generated fromuncorrected OCR text.
WOMENININDIA:ABYSMALPROTECTION,PERIPHERALRIGHTSANDSUBSERVIENTCITIZENSHIPANURADHASAIBABARAJESH"Where womenarerespected, therethegods reside,theheav-ensopen upandangelssingpaeansofpraise"-Manu, ancientHindulawgiverINTRODUCTIONOpposingtheWestphalianmodel, the adventofinternationalhumanrights normsinthelasthalfcenturyconsolidatedthepositionandstatusofindividualsas"actors andsubjects"inlaw.'Notwithstandingthispremise,thestatusofwomenasequalcounterpartsandstakeholdersinallspectrumsoflifeislargelyamirage.Despitetheflurryofratifications thatthe Con-ventionontheEliminationofAllFormsofDiscriminationAgainst Women(CEDAW)received,thedomesticincorporationoftheprovisionsenshrinedthereinisgradual, sporadic,and evendismal. Indiaisnoexceptiontothisunsatisfactoryrecord.Thedomesticationoftheminimumstandardsstipu-latedinCEDAWfortheprotectionand promotionofwomen'srightsisaHerculeanchallenge. Gender inequality andinjustice manifestsasanines-capabletruismintheIndian context.2AssistantProfessorofLawattheNational LawSchoolofIndiaUniversityinBangalore,India. The authortakessoleandfullresponsibilityoftheviewsexpressedinthisarti-cle.Commentscan beemailedat[email protected]Iwouldlikeexpressmygratitudeto theEditorial TeamofNEJICLfortheirconstructivefeedbackonthedraftversionofthispaper.LouisB.Sohn,TheNewInternationalLaw:ProtectionoftheRightsofIndividualsRatherthan States,32AM.U.L.REv.1, 1(1982).2EileenKaufman,WomenandLaw:AComparativeAnalysisoftheUnitedStatesandIn-111
NEWENG.JOFINT'L&COMP.L.ThestatusofwomeninIndiaisbothpoignantand paradoxical. Thereexistsawide chasm betweenthedefactoanddejurepositionofwomen.Fromcradletograve, theviolence,abuse, andexploitation thatgirlsandwomen encounter,bothintheprivateand publicrealms, remainunparal-leledandlargelyunaddressed.Thereasonsaremultifaceted.Theage oldfeudalisticandpatriarchalunderpinningsoftheIndiansocietal,communal,andfamiliallifehavebeentheprimordialcausesforthissubordinate andsecondarystatus,aswomenwithinthisframeworkareviewedaspropertyofmen.3This complexsocio-culturalandlegalmilieuhaslargelythwartedtheempowermentandadvancementofwomeninIndia.

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