Social Structure

Social Structure - Navarrete Rodrigo Navarrete February 23,...

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Navarrete 1 : Rodrigo Navarrete February 23, 2008 Anthropology 001 Jorgenson W 10:00 - 10:50 The Story of Social Structure as Told by Fossils When attempting to determine what type of social structure a species follows, it is important to be able to observe the species on various occasions so that one may gain some insight into that species’ culture, socioeconomic structure, and tendencies as a whole. If live observation is impossible, for various reasons including, but not limited to, the extinction of the species, one can then turn to fossil records to try to excavate a general idea of how the species lived and interacted. Although the human ancestors “Australopithecus Dimorphicus” and “Australopithecus Monomorphicus” would obviously be extinct, their respective fossil records can provide great clues as to how they lived and why and how they died off. By observing these species’ habitat, sexual dimorphism, and natural adaptations, a clearer understanding of social structure can be gained. When turning attention to sexual dimorphism, it becomes clear that A. Dimorphicus was generally polygamous, or, in extreme cases, even promiscuous. Since A. Dimorphicus existed in far larger numbers and had greater sexual dimorphism than A. Monomorphicus, it becomes evident that A. Dimorphicus was not monogamous in its pair-bonding behavior. One striking example of a species with such behavior would be the Gorilla (gorilla gorilla). Gorillas are
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Social Structure - Navarrete Rodrigo Navarrete February 23,...

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