HUM 111 CLASSICAL GREECE III: RELIGION AND THE ARTS
Theater of Dionysus: ancient Mystery Religion of the Cult of Dionysus
Agora: lower city, meeting place, marked with boundary stones as sacred area
Panathenaic Festival: every 4 years, celebrated birth of Athena, Athens’ civic deity
Orders of Columns: Doric= mainland Greeks, masculine, austere, plain, massive
Ionic= Asia Minor, feminine, decorative, elaborate, finer
Corinthian= Greek development, used by later cultures
balance (mas/fem; Dorian/Ionian)=order
Order of columns: Greek Columns
Mainland Greeks, masculine, austere, plain, massive. Used outdoors
because they were more rugged. Based on the proportion of a man’s foot.
Asia Minor, More slender, delicate, fancier, used a woman’s foot as the
proportion for this column. They’d use it indoors, inside, feminine.
Greeks invented it, but didn’t use it too much, too fancy, to fru fru. Used
by later cultures, especially Romans
Humanistic architecture, human characteristics. They used doric and ionic in same
building, all about the balance, masculine and feminine. Order.
Rebuilt during second half of fifth century B.C.
Pericles took all the goods off of Delas (the Delian League) to rebuild the
Acropolis. Some polis wanted to leave because they were mad about this,
squashed by Athens
A lot of people didn’t want it rebuilt, but he did, like World Trade Center
“Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten.” Wanted legacy.
Acropolis (high city): rebuilt during the second half of the fifth century BC
Persian Wars, Delian League, funds used by Pericles to rebuild Acropolis
Pericles: “Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten.”
This is where we started for the night- we covered the previous stuff last week.
Propylaea: foregates; Museum= temple of the Muses (inspiration)
Prop-before, Pylon-gate… these are gates going into the acropolis- there are boundary
markers on the way through the gate saying you are entering a sacred area. The acropolis
was a sacred area
All of the wealth of Athens was kept up on the acropolis, so the propylaea had a very
defensive purpose, therefore they had the Doric column
The propylaea had an area with benches, stands with sculptures (back then), also they had
one of the first known picture galleries in history, there may be others, but this is the
oldest building we know of that was actually set aside for the display of paintings (we
found vase paintings but not the free standing paintings, as these don’t preserve way)