Lecture 10[1].11.05 Classical Greece III, Helenistic Age I

Lecture 10[1].11.05 Classical Greece III, Helenistic Age I...

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HUM 111 CLASSICAL GREECE III: RELIGION AND THE ARTS Theater of Dionysus: ancient Mystery Religion of the Cult of Dionysus Agora: lower city, meeting place, marked with boundary stones as sacred area Panathenaic Festival: every 4 years, celebrated birth of Athena, Athens’ civic deity Orders of Columns: Doric= mainland Greeks, masculine, austere, plain, massive Ionic= Asia Minor, feminine, decorative, elaborate, finer Corinthian= Greek development, used by later cultures Doric+Ionic= balance (mas/fem; Dorian/Ionian)=order Order of columns: Greek Columns Doric o Mainland Greeks, masculine, austere, plain, massive. Used outdoors because they were more rugged. Based on the proportion of a man’s foot. Ionic o Asia Minor, More slender, delicate, fancier, used a woman’s foot as the proportion for this column. They’d use it indoors, inside, feminine. Corinthian o Greeks invented it, but didn’t use it too much, too fancy, to fru fru. Used by later cultures, especially Romans Humanistic architecture, human characteristics. They used doric and ionic in same building, all about the balance, masculine and feminine. Order. Acropolis Rebuilt during second half of fifth century B.C. Pericles took all the goods off of Delas (the Delian League) to rebuild the Acropolis. Some polis wanted to leave because they were mad about this, squashed by Athens A lot of people didn’t want it rebuilt, but he did, like World Trade Center “Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten.” Wanted legacy. Acropolis (high city): rebuilt during the second half of the fifth century BC Persian Wars, Delian League, funds used by Pericles to rebuild Acropolis Pericles: “Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten.” This is where we started for the night- we covered the previous stuff last week. Propylaea: foregates; Museum= temple of the Muses (inspiration) Prop-before, Pylon-gate… these are gates going into the acropolis- there are boundary markers on the way through the gate saying you are entering a sacred area. The acropolis was a sacred area All of the wealth of Athens was kept up on the acropolis, so the propylaea had a very defensive purpose, therefore they had the Doric column The propylaea had an area with benches, stands with sculptures (back then), also they had one of the first known picture galleries in history, there may be others, but this is the oldest building we know of that was actually set aside for the display of paintings (we found vase paintings but not the free standing paintings, as these don’t preserve way)
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This picture gallery was the place of the Muses, the goddesses of inspiration, which is why picture galleries are now called Museums. “-eum” = place of. Museum = place of the muses You would exit the propylaea at a certain place, and when you emerged you would then see all buildings at a ¾ view, never straight on, so they don’t look flat, they look like sculptures, free standing forms
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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Lecture 10[1].11.05 Classical Greece III, Helenistic Age I...

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