The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto - The Communist Manifesto Alison...

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The Communist Manifesto Alison Tenenbaum The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx in 1848 amidst a wave of revolutions that were changing the political course of Europe. The Manifesto is one of the most influential political writings throughout the world. The Communist Manifesto put forward a unique view on the relevance and significance of history which relied more heavily on economical distinctions than revolutionary progress. It also proposed a process, by which the working proletariat class would overthrow the ruling bourgeoisie class and create a classless society in which private property would be abolished. However, if looked at closely the Manifesto contains some contradictions and oversimplifications that allow communism to be suspect to misinterpretation and manipulation and allow the few to once again exert power over the masses, which is exactly the situation that Marx speaks against in writing the Manifesto. According to Marx, the main source of conflict throughout history was class antagonism. The social ranks were always separated into the oppressor and the oppressed, although in earlier years there were more classes in between to consider. “In ancient Rome, we have patricians, knights, plebeians, slaves; In the Middle Ages feudal lords, vassals . . . serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate degradations” (Marx and Engels, 36), and these more complex models of class opposition were the precursors to modern bourgeois society. The bourgeois society coming out of the Middle Ages condensed the class antagonism into two groups, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Marx’s theory that all societal classes will combine into these two remaining classes can be viewed as overly simple, because it distinguishes those who work for money and those whose money works for them. This ignores the fact that many middle class people could
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invest the money they had worked for and eventually live off of those funds, therefore creating a middle ground where they were both a wage earner and a capitalist at some
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The Communist Manifesto - The Communist Manifesto Alison...

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