Since1865 Quiz 1

Since1865 Quiz 1 - Freedmen’s Bureau On March 3rd 1865...

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Freedmen’s Bureau On March 3rd, 1865, the Freedmen's Bureau was created by Congress to aid former slaves through education, health care and employment. At the end of the war, its main role was providing emergency food, housing and medical aid to refugees. It could also help find families. By late 1865, it focused its work on helping the Freedmen adjust to new conditions. Its main job was setting up work opportunities and supervising labor contracts. Although some of their subordinate agents were unscrupulous or incompetent, the majority of local Bureau agents were hindered in carrying out their duties by the opposition of former Confederates, the lack of a military presence to enforce their authority, and an excessive amount of paperwork Election of 1876 The United States presidential election of 1876 was one of the most disputed and intense presidential elections in American history. Samuel J. Tilden of New York defeated Ohio's Rutherford Hayes in the popular vote, and had 184 electoral votes to Hayes' 165, with 20 votes yet uncounted. Many historians believe that an informal deal was struck to resolve the dispute. In return for Southern acquiescence in Hayes' election, the Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, effectively ending Reconstruction. This deal became known as the Compromise of 1877. The Compromise effectively pushed African- Americans out of power in the government; soon after the compromise, African- Americans were barred from voting by poll taxes and grandfather clauses. 14 th Amendment The Fourteenth Amendment is one of the post-Civil War amendments (known as the Reconstruction Amendments), first intended to secure rights for former slaves. It includes the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses among others. It was proposed on June 13, 1866, and ratified on July 9, 1868. It is perhaps the most significant structural change to the Constitution since the passage of the United States Bill of Rights. The amendment provides a broad definition of United States citizenship, overturning the Dred Scott case, which excluded African Americans. It requires the states to provide equal protection under the law to all persons (not only to citizens) within their jurisdictions, and was used in the mid-20th century to dismantle legal segregation, as in Brown v. Board of Education . Its Due Process Clause has driven much important and controversial case law regarding privacy rights, abortion (see Roe v. Wade ), and other issues. Andrew Carnegie Carnegie is known for having built one of the most powerful and influential corporations in United States history, and, later in his life, giving away most of his riches to fund the establishment of many libraries, schools, and universities in America, Scotland and other countries throughout the world. Carnegie, a poor boy with fierce ambition, a pleasant personality, and a devotion to both hard work and self-improvement, started as a telegrapher. By the 1860s, he had investments in
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Ithaca College.

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Since1865 Quiz 1 - Freedmen’s Bureau On March 3rd 1865...

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