US history since last quiz study guide

US history since last quiz study guide - G.I. Bill of...

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G.I. Bill of Rights (1944) - The G.I. Bill provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as GIs) as well as one year of unemployment compensation. It also provided loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. It is considered to be the last piece of New Deal legislation coming out of the Depression era and was intended to prevent another Bonus Strike and a relapse into the Depression. An important provision of the G.I. Bill was low interest, zero down payment home loans for servicemen. This enabled millions of American families to move out of urban apartments and into suburban homes. Prior to the war the suburbs tended to be the homes of the wealthy and upper class. Although black servicemen were eligible for these loans they were prevented from leaving the inner cities or rural areas because many suburban communities, and real estate brokers used redlining and other racial segregation techniques to not sell homes to African-Americans and other minorities. Interstate Highway Act (1956) - The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act, was enacted on June 29, 1956, when Dwight D. Eisenhower signed this bill into law. Appropriating $25 billion for the construction of 40,000 miles (64,000 km) of interstate highways over a 10-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history to that point. Eisenhower argued for the highways for the purpose of national defense. In the event of an invasion by a foreign power, the military would need good roads to be able to quickly transport troops around the country. Following completion of the highways the cross country journey that took the convoy two months in 1919 was cut down to two weeks. Another result of the act was the direct subsidization of the suburban road infrastructure, making commutes between urban centers to suburbs much quicker and furthering the flight of citizens and businesses and divestment from inner cities. Levittown (1947) - Levittown , a suburb of New York City, gets its name from its builder, the firm of Levitt & Sons, Inc., which built it as a planned community between 1947 and 1951. Levittown was the first truly mass-produced suburb and is widely regarded as the archetype for postwar suburbs throughout the country. As the first and one of the largest mass-produced suburbs, Levittown quickly became a symbol of postwar suburbia, for good and for bad. Although Levittown provided affordable houses in what many residents felt to be a congenial community, critics damned its homogeneity, blandness, and racial exclusivity (the initial lease prohibited rental to non-whites). Today, "Levittown" is used as a term of derogation to describe overly-sanitized suburbs consisting largely of tract housing. Oddly enough, although Levittown is remembered largely for its homogeneity and conformism, the houses of Levittown have by now been so thoroughly expanded and modified by their owners that their original architectural
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US history since last quiz study guide - G.I. Bill of...

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