Hist (5)-The Shadow of Napoleon - HIST 1020 The Shadow of...

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HIST 1020 January 28, 2015 The Shadow of Napoleon: 1815 and the Search for Stability I. Napoleon in Power: emerges as kind of a dictator and established his authority A. Napoleon’s reforms: combines some elements of old France with old regime and elements of new France and it will be a stable system of government—absolute monarchs dream i. Concordat of 1801: allows the Catholic church to reopen and Catholics are free to worship in a manner they see fit 1. Pope in Rome has to recognize all the church lands that were lost will not be given back 2. Pope can submit lists for priests or bishops and the French government will choose who will become an official a. Still under the government but Napoleon stays out of most of the business in the church ii. Lycée—schools 1. Government run secular education designed to give everyone a basic education iii. Code Napoleon (1804)—most important innovations of his time 1. List of laws and reforms France’s legal system 2. Laws to determine the civil and criminal law codes a. Applies to everyone in France equally b. Fair in its treatment of people c. Voting has no meaning, no assembly but by creating a fair system of justice, most people will have disputes heard i. Fair trial or hearing d. Some inequalities slipped back in—harder for women to obtain divorce, men are the head of household with greater rights iv. Department and prefects—Napoleon creates a unified administration (Department): province, estate, 83 different—each one gets a prefect: official appointed and in charge of everything in the department (laws, etc.) 1. Gets rid of the quilt like France 2. Gives a powerful central control 3. Gives Napoleon more power than any leader of France before a. Gives a model for other nations that begin to copy (absolute monarchs dream of) B. Napoleon: Emperor of the French—able to stabilize France and everything calms down, people like him i. Government seems fair and effective (almost democratic) ii. French Empire (1804)—pronounces himself Emperor of France 1. Get rid of republic 2. Creates a nobility—looks like he is bringing back old France and ruling kind of like a monarch 3. Nobility—not under birth HIST 1020, Lecture 5: The Shadow of Napoleon 1
HIST 1020 January 28, 2015 iii. Nobility—through own accomplishes (army, or government) can honor promotions and as a reward for loyalty, you can be given a royal title 1. Meritocratic nobility 2. Not really any rights or privileges just prestige iv.

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