Exam #1 - Jonathan Willemain 10/27/07 Prof. Donahue...

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Jonathan Willemain 10/27/07 Prof. Donahue Philosophy Exam #1 1. Validity is a term used to define an argument. An argument must agree with the following rules for it to be valid. First, if the premises are true then the conclusion must be true. Second, it is impossible for the premises to be true if the conclusion is false. A counter-example to an argument is an example that proves it wrong. For example if I were to say that all m&m’s are blue then any non-blue m&m would be a counter-example. An argument can still be valid even if it has a false conclusion. This just means that the premises are probably false. For example consider the argument. a. All q-tips are items made of gold. b. All items made of gold are time-travel devices. c. Therefore, all q-tips are time-travel devices. Obviously we know that q-tips aren’t time travel devices so the conclusion is clearly false. Also the argument is valid because if both of the premises is true then the conclusion would have to be true 2 .There are two points of vulnerability for the Divine Command Theorist who believes that all righteousness transcends from God. The following statement makes the theorist choose his path in the argument: “Is what is moral commanded
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PHL 101 taught by Professor Dontknow during the Fall '06 term at UMass Dartmouth.

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Exam #1 - Jonathan Willemain 10/27/07 Prof. Donahue...

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