Henry Ford - Deborah Menasha Janet Ornstil October 11, 2006...

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Deborah Menasha October 11, 2006 Janet Ornstil Into to Management Management Midterm
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Deborah Menasha October 11, 2006 Janet Ornstil Into to Management For over hundreds of years, management has been an important part of society. It adds order and structure to our businesses and the world would be much different if there were no managers. From the very first manager to mangers in modern day society, a lot has changed and will continue to change throughout our future. During management’s history, it has been changed and altered a lot due to the fact or trial and error, and many intelligent people have thought up management theories along the way. Three very important management theorists which had a clear impact on the way businesses run today are Henry Ford, Alfred Sloan, and Elton Mayo. Henry Ford was one of the first major managers to make a big change in the production industry. He was the first man to start mass production of automobiles and for a time period he was at the top of his enterprise. This was all due to his great idea known to many as the assembly line. He did this by giving each person a specific job to do, and then pass it on to the next person to do their job on the product. This let people get really good at their skill. He was able to efficiently and accurately increase his company’s productivity due to the assembly line. Assembly lines are still used in the world today and they were a great additive to the production industry. Another man to head a management theory was Alfred Sloan, who was associated with General Motors. Sloan was also in the automobile industry and wanted to prevail against Ford in producing the most automobiles. Alfred Sloan was the first to realize and put into action the idea of decentralization. He delegated and broke up the company into different production groups in charge of making different cars. Employees were then able to focus all their attention on making one product better. He also decided to keep core aspects of the company such as financial and the administrative branches as one throughout the company so they would have good strong values which pertained to everyone in the company. Alfred Sloan met his victory through the idea of decentralization and was then able to outsell Ford. This idea is very much still used into today’s business world. Elton Mayo and his association with the Hawthorne Experiments also had a lot of great input into the business world. The Hawthorne Experiments which Mayo was a part
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Deborah Menasha October 11, 2006 Janet Ornstil Into to Management of, proved that when people were being watched, they produced a better product and did it more efficiently. This is because people felt as though they were important, and their job was more significant. It also gave the employees a more personable relationship with their department managers and they wanted to make them proud. Many aspects of today’s life show that the Hawthorne studies are accurate and are definitely a momentous way to
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course MGMT 102 taught by Professor Janetornstil during the Spring '07 term at Keene State.

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Henry Ford - Deborah Menasha Janet Ornstil October 11, 2006...

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