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Unformatted text preview: Mahayana Sutras Objectives 0. Characteristics of Mahayana Sutras 1. Major Mahayana Sutras 2. Lotus Sutra as an example 3. Some illustrations Key Mahayana Scriptures: the New Sutras 0. Perfection of Wisdom Sutras 0. Diamond Sutra and Heart Sutra 1. Teaching of emptiness (shunyata) 1. Lotus Sutra 2. Parables illustrating skillful means (upaya) 3. Superiority of the Mahayana 2. Vimalakirti Sutra 4. All beings (both lay and monastics have Buddha- nature) 5. Teaching of non-duality 3. Pure Land Sutras 6. Teaching of re-birth in an ideal Buddha Land Four periods in the development of Prajnaparamita literature: 0. 1, the elaboration of the basic text (ca. 100. B. C to 100 C. E), 1. 2, the expansion of the text (ca. 100 C. E. to 300 C. E.), 2. 3, the restatement of the doctrine in short sutras and verse summaries (ca. 300-500); the composition of the Heart Sutra in the third period at about 350 c. e. 3. 4) the period of tantric influence. (by Hajime Nakamura, Indian Buddhism: A Survey with Bibliographical Notes, Osaka, 1980, p. 160) Texts of Perfection of Wisdom 4. Oldest such text: Perfection of Wisdom Discourse in 8,000 lines (shortened as Ast ) 5. Diamond Sutra and Heart Sutra 6. Perfection of Wisdom in One Letter 7. Dialogue between Buddha and his disciples at varying stages of personal development 8. Bodhisattvas are highly regarded and the new Mahayana 8....
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- Spring '08