Literature Review-3 - Literature Review Awareness of Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD is not a complicated to acknowledge

Literature Review-3 - Literature Review Awareness of Autism...

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Literature Review Awareness of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is not a complicated to acknowledge, however, the lack of awareness and educational understanding amongst people provides a big question mark around the topic. The most reasonable individuals can identify individuals who are Autistic, but are not knowledgeable to be able to follow up and provide proper interventions that suit each person. A category within ASD: Autistic disorder affects many children in different ways. Verbal and non-verbal communication is limited, they are not able to effectively interact with other well, and also suffer with severe delays in their learning language (Weintraub, 2013). This highlights the lack of collective training to Autism Spectrum Disorder by educators, parents, and other professionals that provides them with the tools to assist each individual with ASD. It is essential to have an effective plan to support children with Autism, so they can academically excel. For these reasons amongst others, awareness, and understanding these symptoms play a significant role on the long-for term plan to finding support for individuals with ASD. Autism “Autism is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) (“What is autism?” 2009). Autism is characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests”, (“What is autism?” 2009). The disorders and symptoms are unique to each individual. However, according to Bursztyn (2007), “In the beginning stages of early autism, psychiatrists were commonly diagnosing children with autism because they believed they shared the same symptoms”, (Bursztyn, 2007). Different Types of Autism Autism is very complex to understand due to the different types of autism and symptoms that come along with this disorder. These different types of autism and their disorders are found on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Durig (2005), “stated a basic concept of understanding Autism includes people with the disorder have difficulties with social interaction and face challenges in social aspects of life as well as in many other cognitive domains (Durig, 2005). Autism Spectrum disorder includes: Autistic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, and Asperger’s Disorder. Beuker, et al., (2013), “highlighted their diagnosis by variations in three domains: deficits in social interactions, verbal, and nonverbal communications” (Beuker, et al., 2013, Pg. 45). As mentioned above, many psychiatrists were rapidly diagnosing children with Schizophrenia. “Autistic Disorder (AD) is a phenotypically heterogeneous condition characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and the presence of repetitive behavior and restricted interests” (Stefanatos, G. A., & Baron, I. S., 2011, Pg. 252).
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