Judiciary (Review) - brought by ‘plaintiff’ not state...

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The Judiciary Judicial Review: power of courts (especially Supreme Court) to invalidate or declare unconstitutional laws passed by the legislature or the acts of the executive branch Adjudication (legal proceedings): vs. federal level Jurisdiction (2 types): - Original: authority of court to hear & see evidence for first time & decide guilt or innocence - Appellate: Juries (2 types): - Grand Jury: gather information, decide if enough evidence to hold suspect for trial - Petit Jury: “trial jury” as seen on TV, decides guilt or innocence Legal Cases (2 types): - Criminal: involves physical behavior, violation of law: the state vs accused; court decides guilt or innocence (beyond reasonable doubt) & punishment - Civil: concerns private parties vs each other, individual responsibility or obligatory activity;
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Unformatted text preview: brought by ‘plaintiff’ not state, and court decides based on ‘preponderance’ of evidence, not guilt beyond reasonable doubt Law (3 types): US law is based on old English ‘Common Law’ , establishes ‘precedent ’; laws are ‘guidelines for behavior’ sanctioned by some governing authority; what is ‘acceptable’- Constitutional: written down in Constitution- Statutory: made by Congress / legislature, written down in statutes- Administrative: made by bureaucracy, ‘rules with the force of law’ Courts Enforce Two ‘Concepts of Justice’ (have 2 jobs): - Protect accused from the government (via ‘Due Process’)- Protect society from criminals (TDCJ) Criminals: typically young (30%); male (80%); minority (60%); poor (of all races); under-educated (70% score less than 8 th grade level); and drug related (80%)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POL 1133 taught by Professor Esparza during the Spring '08 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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