easc_final_essay_guide_thu - PART II [ESSAY] {19 POINTS, OR...

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The format will be as follows: Please answer ONE (1) of the following questions. Sample essays [NOTE: ON THE ACTUAL FINAL YOU WILL NOT SEE ALL ELEVEN OF THESE CHOICES; YOU WILL BE ASKED TO CHOOSE ONE OUT OF THREE] 1. The separation of the two Koreas has been addressed in The Pacific Century segment “The Fight for Democracy” and the book The Koreans. Provide a brief historical account of Korea’s separation, including the basic causes of the split, and discuss the efforts that have been made to reunify the two parts of Korea. What do you think the prospects for unification might be? What are the key factors promoting unification and the key obstacles to prevent it? Brief historical account of Korea’s separation Autumn of 1948: Korea’s peninsula was separated into 2 zones. The pro- Soviet Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the North. The pro- American Republic of Korea in the South. The Americans in the south were not prepared to administer the Koreans as they did in Japan. 1950: the North invaded the South in an attempt to unify under its terms… this failed The United Nations came to rescue South Korea and soon following, the Americans did too. The South Korean forces (with the Americans and the UN) swept into the North causing upset with China. China then entered into the war on the side of the North. The war ended with a truce in 1953 and by then both economies were pulverized. The border did not really change at all from the war, only thing that had was that “it now marked a division sealed in blood”. Since the end of the Korean War in 1953, no people letters, trucks or goods of any kind have crossed the demilitarized border zone (DMZ). 1980: two way trade began 1990’s: South Korean tourists have been permitted to travel to North Korea. “While the South was totally dependent on American handouts and troops for protection, the North developed its own version of Communism, a nationalistic philosophy of self-reliance called juche, which declared that the state would depend on outsiders for nothing.” Being pro-American is what has saved South Korea and being pro-soviet was what has led to the economic downfall of North Korea Basic causes of the split Koreans have a hard time taking responsibly for the split because they have been “helpless pawns of superpower rivalry” for so long. The Korean nationalists had too many different voices and opinions to be of any real help in the war against Japan so when it was over, it was easy for the country to be divided. Efforts made to reunify the two parts of Korea In 1950, after the United States withdrew from the South, the North tried to unify by force (the Korean War). 1
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easc_final_essay_guide_thu - PART II [ESSAY] {19 POINTS, OR...

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