poly sci notes 4 - A. regional minorities B. Secure...

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I. Federal vs. Unitary vs. Confederal systems in comparative perspective A. Unitary systems “… sovereignty lies exclusively with the central government . Subnational authories, whether regional or local, may make policy as well as implement it, but they do so by permission of the center. In a unitary system, in theory, the national government could abolish lower levels if it wish.” B. Federal System A constitution exists which mandates that power is shared between the national government (federal government) and the constituent “states.” Thus, there are two layers of government, with specific functions allocated to each. And these powers can only be modified by amending the constitution . It is this PROTECTED POSITION of states , no the extent of their powers that distinguishes federal systems from unitary systems. II. Why Federalism in the U.S.? III. Benefits and Drawbacks of Federalism
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Unformatted text preview: A. regional minorities B. Secure Economic and Military Security C. Provides a laboratory for States to experiment with policy D. Inefficient, complex, and slow to respond Katrina E. Complicate accountability for the electorate IV. Powers of the National Government A. Exclusive Powers B. Concurrent Powers C. Powers Reserved to the States D. Implied Powers of the National Government (Necessary and Proper Clause) V. Courts defining the scope of Federal and State Authority A. McCulloch v. Maryland (Implied Powers) B. Gibbons v. Ogden (Commerce clause) C. Civil War end of dual citizenship and 14 th Amendment limits on state power D. Cooperative Federalism federal government dangling grants of aid to influence states E. The new Federalism U.S. v. Lopez and the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990...
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poly sci notes 4 - A. regional minorities B. Secure...

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