Sociology notes 1

Sociology notes 1 - Sociology -scientific study of human...

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Sociology -scientific study of human social life, groups and societies -understanding society in a disciplined way -psychology looks at individuals; sociology looks at groups of individuals -examines patterns of people’s actions and attitudes -how problems vary across time, social groups, and cultures A Sociology Perspective -sociology considers man/woman not a lone actor in a personal drama… -…but a person always influenced by the actions of others and also able to influence the actions of others -if you are a woman who will graduate with a degree in science, your chances of getting a good job are dependent not only on your own achievement, but: -the community’s attitude toward women in general -company’s attitude toward female scientists -the demand for scientists in general -the economic community in general -when we look at things from different angles or perspectives, we see different things: -we use social settings to help us interpret events and guide our behavior -the social context gives us clues as to the appropriate response and behavior -we act differently when we go for a job interview than when we watch TV at home -we don’t always interpret things the same way, depending on their setting: -if you see a pile of bricks by the side of the road, you would think they were discarded junk -if you saw a pile of bricks in a famous art gallery, you would see them as art -a person’s background or past experience also influences how he/she views things -the more educated, the more people are able to see and think abstractly Sociology Theories -in order to better explain people’s actions, sociologists use organizing theories
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-most theories discuss and attempt to explain what is the driving force that makes social interaction happen Micro and Macro Sociology -sociology is concerned with both immediate or local problems microsociology -and larger, national or world issues macrosociology Auguste Comte (1798-1857) -the father of sociology -recognized as the originator of the term sociology -he believed it was possible to study society based on scientific evidence -believed a stable social order rests on a consistent form of though -believed so strongly he could improve the world, he proposed a new plan to Reorganize 19 th century France -described three stages of thinking 1. theological: supernatural beings or many gods. creates warlike, tribal societies; militaristic philosophy 2. metaphysical: one god and right/wrong rules. rise of Catholicism 3. positive or scientific philosophy. many explainable causes Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) -french sociologist of the 19 th century -studied how social forces bind people together (social solidarity) -described two basic forms - mechanical solidarity : glue that holds together small societies who have the same thoughts, same actions. this creates loose bonds. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Sociology notes 1 - Sociology -scientific study of human...

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