PericlesXX

PericlesXX - Power to the People Factions, violence, and...

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Power to the People Factions, violence, and coup d’etats were all part of the formation of Athenian anarchy, and essentially all transformations of modern politics to this day, beginning around the year 700 B.C.E. It was here, political philosophy would be put to a test and the people of Greece would change their form of political government throughout the years. The ensuing two hundred or so years carried turbulence and volatility in the political spectrum ranging from the aforementioned anarchy to tyranny to Athenian democracy in approximately 510 B.C.E. This would be recognized as the first philosophy that gave control to the people and allow for self-government and the idealistic theory of every person having an input. Hence the name stemming from the words Demos – the people and Kratos – power or rule. The first person to utilize this idea was known as Kleisthenes in 510 B.C.E. The said date marks the arrival of Kleisthenes as well as the foundation of formal democracy in Athens. Kleisthenes gained power by his fateful association to the Athenian aristocracy. He began by establishing a “radical movement” following the tyranny of his estranged brother-in-law. 1 Ironically, Kleisthenes shared many family ties with authoritarian rulers, including Kleisthenes of Sicyon. 2 Although later deemed a “fop and a profligate,” Kleisthenes provided the crucial first step to the stairs that later became Athenian democracy. 3 Following in his footsteps was a powerful leader by the name of Perikles, whose mother was actually related to Kleisthenes of Sicyon. Perikles, a dominant ruler during 1 http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/greeks/greekdemocracy_02.shtml 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleisthenes_of_Sicyon 3 http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/CHR_CLI/CLEISTHENES.html
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the Peloponnesian Wars from 461 to his death in 429 B.C.E., powerfully continued the belief in Athenian democracy and set a cornerstone for democracy in the future. Many philosophers and historians were and still have divided opinions on whether Perikles was as great of a ruler as many praise him to be. From his political to his military standpoint, Perikles had his hands full of new obstacles and was able to attend to all of them because of his charismatic nature and integrity. Part of his dominance as a ruler was due to his impeccable ability to be an outstanding orator, to the point that Ancient Greek writers
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PericlesXX - Power to the People Factions, violence, and...

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