HD 115 Chapter 15

HD 115 Chapter 15 - HD 115 Chapter 15 Cognitive Development...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HD 115 Chapter 15 Cognitive Development In Adolescence Piaget’s Theory: The Formal Operational Stage - Formal operational stage: kids develop the capacity 4 abstract, scientific thinking o They can “operate on operations” Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning - When faced w/ a problem, they start w/ a general theory of all possible factors that might affect the outcome and deduce specific hypotheses about what might happen; they then test them to see which ones work o Piaget’s pendulum problem Propositional Thought - Adolescents can evaluate the logic of verbal statements w/o referring 2 real world circumstances - Piaget acknowledged the importance of language in cog dev during adolescence Follow-Up Research on Formal Operational Thought - Does abstract reasoning appear earlier than Piaget expected & do all reach formal operation during teen years? Are Children Capable of Abstract Thinking? - School age kids know that hypotheses need supporting evidence and that they can predict future events, however, kids cant sort out evidence that bears on 3 or more variables at once - Their capacity 4 propositional thought is limited; they have difficulty reasoning from premises that contradict reality or their own beliefs (i.e. dogs bigger than elephants and elephants are bigger than mice, then dogs are bigger than mice) o They fail 2 grasp logical necessity – that accuracy of conclusions drawn from premises rests on rules of logic and not on real world info Do All Individuals reach the Formal Operational Stage? - About 40-60% of college students fail Piaget’s problems - Formal operations don’t emerge in all contexts at once; its specific 2 situation & task - Adults & adolescents may be capable of it but they often fall back on less demanding intuitive judgments - But, in some tribal villages, formal operational tasks are not mastered AT ALL
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
An Information Processing View of Adolescent Cognitive Development Consequences of Abstract Thought Argumentativeness - Teens can marshal facts and ideas to build a case - By proposing, justifying, criticizing, defending a variety of solutions, adolescents move 2 higher level of understanding Self-Consciousness and Self-Focusing - Adolescents begin thinking about themselves more; 2 distorted images
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '07
  • Theory of cognitive development, Formal Operational Stage, Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development, w/ teachers Schools

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

HD 115 Chapter 15 - HD 115 Chapter 15 Cognitive Development...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online