named after King Minos, legendary king of Crete.
earliest civilization in Aegean
region emerged on the large island of Crete,
southeast of the Greek
Bronze Age civilization established by 2800 BCE.
huge palace unearthed at Knossus, the Minoan capitol.
ranging sea empire
that traded with the Egyptians, and exerted much influence
on the Greek
mainland. Minoan civilization reached its height between
2000 and 1450 BCE.
Collapsed around 1450 BCE due to attacks from
Mycenaeans from the mainland.
wrote Iliad and the Odyssey, the first 2 epic poems of early Greece.
the Dark Age of Greece, 1100-750 BCE.
Homer’s writing appeared at the end of
Homer gave the Greeks an ideal past, wrote history for them.
legendary heroes for Greeks to worship, idolize and strive to become.
became scholastic texts that were taught to generations of Greek males.
values Homer established were the aristocratic values of courage and
Created a warrior-aristocracy, and in this society women were also
codes of conduct, such as faithfulness to their husbands.
created around 750-500 BCE. Small but autonomous political unit in which all
major political, social, and religious activities were carried out at one central
location (the Polis).
A city, town, or village and the surrounding countryside.
Place of assembly (the Acropolis in Athens). Consisted of all citizens (adult
males), all possessed fundamental rights, coupled with responsibilities.
loyalty to one’s home state, but this loyalty also brought about Greece’s downfall.
Sparta, Athens, Thebes are the main Greek poleis. civilization/organization
the aspirations of the new industrial and commercial groups led to the rise of
tyrants in the seventh and sixth centuries BCE.
Not necessarily oppressive or
Greek tyrants were rulers who came to power in unconstitutional way—
he was not subject to the law.
Once in power, tyrants built new temples,
marketplaces and walls to enhance his popularity and glorify the city.
extinguished by the end of the sixth century BCE, mostly because the
not follow the logic of Greek thinking and the rule of law, and