1 Civil Rights Chapter 5 Slavery and Women’s Rights xrhombus Suffrage – Right to vote xrhombus The 1793 invention the cotton gin, which separated seeds from raw cotton very quickly, made the Southern economy even more dependent on agriculture, such as cotton, tobacco and rice. The South also became dependent on the cheap labor that slavery provided. xrhombus Congress banned the slave trade in 1808 , after the expiration of the twenty-year period ( 3/5ths Compromise ) specified by the Constitution. xrhombus Missouri Compromise of 1820 – prohibited slavery north of the Mason Dixon Line. xrhombus The American Anti-Slavery Society in 1883 founded by William Lloyd Garrison (Newspaper Editor) xrhombus Seneca Falls Convention (1948) was a Women’s Right’s Convention founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
2 Slavery xrhombus Uncle Tom’s Cabin – novel depicting the evils of slavery published in 1852 published written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. She was “The little woman who started the big war.” (referring to the Civil War fought from 1861- 1865. xrhombus Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) o Missouri Compromise declared unconstitutional o Declared slaves were not U.S citizens xrhombus On September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation , claiming all slaves would be freed as of January 1, 1863. xrhombus Post Civil War (Reconstruction) Amendments o 13 th (1865) – Freed the slaves o 14 th Amendment (1868) – included citizenship for black Americans; due process clause; contained the Equal Protection Clause o 15 th Amendment (1870) - The right to vote shall not be denied because of race, color or previous condition of servitude (black males only) Civil Rights Begin xrhombus The First Civil Rights Act of 1866 - Extended citizenship to anyone born in the United States; gave African Americans full equality before the law and authorized the president to enforce the act through use of force xrhombus The Enforcement Act of 1870 - Set out specific penalties for interfering with the right to vote xrhombus The Anti-Ku Klux Klan Act (1872) - Made it a federal crime to deprive an individual of his or her rights xrhombus The Second Civil Rights Act (1875) - Everyone is entitled to equal enjoyment of public accommodations and places of public amusement and imposed penalties for violators xrhombus The Civil Rights Cases (1883) - The Supreme Court rules that the 14th Amendment only prevents official discriminatory acts by states, not by private individuals.
3 The South’s Prevention Tactics xrhombus Reconstruction (federal occupation of the South) ended 1877 when federal troops pulled out of the South.
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- Civil Rights, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Martin Luther King, Jr.