LGS 200 Class Notes - Chapter 1 Business and its Legal Environment Extra Credit Jury Weeks 1\/12&1\/20 2\/2 2\/9 3\/2 3\/9 4\/6 4\/13(Monday through Friday

LGS 200 Class Notes - Chapter 1 Business and its Legal...

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Chapter 1 Business and it’s Legal Environment: Extra Credit: Jury Weeks: 1/12 &1/20; 2/2 & 2/9; 3/2 & 3/9; 4/6 & 4/13 (Monday through Friday observe trial of a case) Paragraph of what you observed #1,3,4, and 5 are the best courts to go and observe (Greensboro ave) Remedies in the legal system-what does the law provide to us in certain circumstances? Punishments mainly in criminal cases Legally enforceable rules between individuals and society (legal issues deal with society) Jurisprudence: the study of the law 4 Schools of Jurisprudence: 1. Natural Law -one universal system of law; everybody agreed and did the same thing 2. Positive Law -felt that there was no law higher than the government; whatever the government said was the law, was what they believe 3. Historical Law -looked at the history of the legal system 4. Realism Law -more of what we have today; facts and circumstances of every case to figure out what was right and wrong Sources: Where do the come from? 1. Constitution -there is a state constitution and there is a federal constitution Federal Constitution is called The United States Constitution (called The Supreme Law of the Land because there is nothing higher than it and there are no laws that can conflict with it) Within the US Constitution is the 10th amendment : amendment that gives states their powers State Constitution is a group of laws that tells us how to act in that state 2. Statutory Law -laws that are made within the states or cities (and publish them in a book; Ex. Code of Alabama) Where as City laws have City Ordinances have their own set of books that have their ordinances 3. Administrative Laws - separate laws that deal with some agency (State or federal Agency) Ex. FDA, SEC, 4. Case Law/Common Law/Judge Made Law -two courts that fall under that source of laws. Courts of Law -those are the courts that we go to where we are seeking some remedy, some answer to our problem. Usually the end result is money (compensation). Court of Equity -those are courts that deal with what is fair in that situation. Courts of Equity are specific and only certain cases that fall in a Court of Equity. If there is no adequate remedy at law, you will be in a Court of Equity Ex. Injunction to stop someone from doing something (Court of Equity case) Ex. Specific Performance (Court of Equity case) ***They are not separate courts; Judges handle all cases*** Terms : Plaintiff -the one looking for the remedy or the compensation (the one filing the claim)
Defendant -the one being sued or the one that the claim is being brought against If your case is in an equitable case…. Plaintiff= Petitioner Defendant= Respondent Statute of Limitations -the amount of time that someone could be accused of something (amount of time that you have to bring a case, to file a case) Civil-specific time periods to file a case (Ex. injured you have 2 years from the accident to file a complaint)

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