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Test 3 Study Guide●A tort is…. ○a wrong○A civilaction○Ex. Someone’s wrongful conduct has caused injuryto somebody else ●Tortfeasor: the person or company that has committed the tort or the wrong against somebody else (instead of the defendant, say the tortfeasor) ●Negligence: is one area of tort law○It is an unintentionalact○A person’s conduct will ultimately create a risk of consequences ■Risk of those consequences must be foreseeable●Four Elements to a Negligence Case○1. The defendant owed a duty of care to plantiff■Duty of care: Everybody under the law has a duty of care NOT to harm someone else ●Duty of care issue is measured by the reasonable person standard(means what would a normal, reasonable person do in those circumstances?)○2. The defendant breached that duty○3. The plantiff suffered injury■Two types of damages: Compensatory and Punitive●Compensatory: The main type in a negligence case (make the person whole again)●