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Unformatted text preview: Thought and Knowledge Thinking and Problem Solving What does it mean to think? As a synonym for remembering As an indication of belief Thinking – The representation and processing of information in the mind.-Take in new information-perform operations on it, organize it, make it more coherent-Extract meaning Best analogies: Reason Ponder Reflecting Problem Solving Process of transforming one situation into another to meet a goal. Solving a puzzle Taking an exam Writing a play Getting a date Graduating from college Characteristics common to all problems:-initial state: description of unsolved problem-Operations or actions: mechanisms to get from the initial state to the goal state.-Goal State: description of what constitutes a solution.-Solution is not immediately obvious. It is a problem because you have to think about how to solve it. Problem Types:-Well defined problems:-initial state is clear; goal state is defined unambiguously-available operations are easily determined-Well-defined does not mean easy New York Times Crossword Puzzle (not easy, but well defined)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.
- Spring '07